(1) Endogamy: sexual reproduction between individuals of the same parental nucleus, therefore consanguineous.
(2) Magnetoreception: a kind of biological compass included in some living species: many birds, lobsters, whales, dolphins, sharks, manta rays, bees, as well as microorganisms and some plants. It allows these life forms to detect the Earth’s magnetic field, create territorial maps, with relative altitude, position, direction and then orient themselves.
(3) Circadian rhythm: the complex biological clock that determines, in animals and humans, a series of innate synchronizing stimuli (sleep-wakefulness / hormone production …) in the 24 hours of alternation of day and night.
(4) Parthenogenesis: form of sexual reproduction of plants or animals that does not require fertilization, amphigonic; it does not require the union of male and female gametes.
(5) Genetic structure: the genetic constitution of a population in quantitative terms (allelic and phenotypic frequencies) and qualitative (allelic variants in a population).
(6) Adaptive immunity: acquired ability of the immune system to respond based on the formation in the body, of memory cells for a rapid response to an antigen.